Lucy Literal

...asks and answers questions where the answer can be found in the words. For Lucy's questions we don't need to guess anything or interpret the text, we only need to be able to read the exact words that are on the page.

Skills Lucy Needs:

Re-reading
If I do not understand a passage, I can re-read it to help.
Scanning
To quickly find key words or information, I can scan a text.
Reading On
If I do not understand a passage, I can read on to help me work out the context.
Consulting a Reference
If I do not understand a word, I know how to consult a reference book to help me.
Skimming
To help me understand a text, I can skim it before I read it fully.

Inspector Inference

...asks and answers questions where the answer cannot be found in the words that are on the page. For The Inspector's questions we need to understand what the words mean and interpret them using our own ideas and knowledge of the world.

Skills The Inspector Needs:

Determining Importance
To help me understand a text, I can determine/decide which information is the most important.
Predicting
To help me understand a text, I can make informed predictions about what will happen.
Inference
I can infer meaning from a text by using the words on the page and my knowledge of the world.
Self-Questioning
To ensure I understand a text, I know what kinds of questions to ask myself.

Arthur the Author

...asks and answers questions where the answer is about what the writer was trying to do. For Arthur's questions we need to think carefully about why the author chose the words they did.

Skills Arthur Needs:

Creating Images
To help me understand a text, I can use the words to create images in my mind.
Summarising and Paraphrasing
To ensure I understand a text, I can summarise the main points or paraphrase the key ideas.
Connecting
To help me understand a text, I can connect ideas in the text to my learning and to the wider world.
Comparing
To help me understand a text, I can compare ideas in the text to my learning and to the wider world.
Synthesising
To help me analyse a text, I can pull together different ideas from the writing and from my own understanding.
Using Analogy
To help me understand a text, I can use analogy.